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Delivering Community Infrastructure Projects

Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) Process for Parish Councils in the UK

The Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) is a charge levied on new development in the UK to help fund the infrastructure needed to support growth in communities. Parish councils play a vital role in utilizing these funds to improve local infrastructure and community facilities. This page provides an overview of the CIL process and how parish councils can effectively manage and utilize these funds.

What is the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)?

The Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) is a planning charge introduced by the UK government through the Planning Act 2008 and governed by the Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations 2010 (as amended). It allows local authorities to raise funds from developers who are undertaking new building projects in their area. The primary purpose of CIL is to support the financing of infrastructure needed to support new development, ensuring that growth does not adversely impact existing communities.

Local authorities set CIL rates based on their Infrastructure Delivery Plan and viability studies. These rates vary depending on the type and location of the development and are published in a document called the CIL Charging Schedule. Once planning permission is granted, the local authority issues a CIL Liability Notice detailing the amount payable by the developer, who must then pay according to the provided payment schedule.

A portion of the CIL funds collected by the local authority is distributed to parish councils where the development takes place. Typically, parish councils receive 15% of the CIL funds, which increases to 25% if the parish has an adopted Neighbourhood Plan. These funds are intended to be used for local infrastructure projects that support the development of the area, such as improving roads, enhancing community facilities, upgrading parks, and supporting local schools and health services.

Parish councils play a critical role in managing and utilizing CIL funds. They are responsible for engaging with their communities to identify priority projects, ensuring transparency by publishing annual reports on CIL income and expenditure, and maintaining accurate records. Effective use of CIL funds can significantly enhance local infrastructure, improve community amenities, and address the demands that new developments place on the area.




How does CIL work?

Setting the Levy Rate

  • Local authorities set CIL rates based on the needs identified in their Infrastructure Delivery Plan and viability studies. Rates vary depending on the type and location of the development.

  • The rates are published in a document called the CIL Charging Schedule.

Charging the Levy

  • When planning permission is granted for a new development, the local authority issues a CIL Liability Notice detailing how much is payable.

  • Developers must pay the CIL charge according to the payment schedule provided by the local authority.

Collection and Distribution

  • The local authority collects CIL payments and distributes a portion to parish councils. Typically, 15% of the CIL collected is passed to the parish council where the development takes place. This increases to 25% if the parish has an adopted Neighbourhood Plan.

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Role of Parish Councils in the CIL Process

The funds must be used to support the development of the area by funding:

  • The provision, improvement, replacement, operation, or maintenance of infrastructure.
  • Anything else that addresses the demands that development places on an area.
  • This can include projects like upgrading local roads, improving community facilities, enhancing parks and recreational areas, and supporting local schools and health services.

Engaging with the Community

  • Parish councils should engage with their communities to identify priorities and ensure that the funds are spent on projects that meet local needs.
  • Public consultations, surveys, and community meetings are effective ways to gather input and build consensus.

Reporting and Transparency

  • Parish councils must publish an annual report detailing the CIL funds received and spent. This report should be made available to the public on the parish council's website or noticeboards.
  • Transparency and accountability are key to maintaining public trust and ensuring that funds are used appropriately

Best Practices for Parish Councils

Develop a CIL Strategy

  • Create a clear plan outlining how CIL funds will be prioritised and spent. This should be aligned with the parish’s broader community development plans and goals.

Engage with our Community

  • Regularly consult with residents and local organisations to identify pressing needs and gain support for projects.

Review and Adjust

  • Periodically review the impact of CIL-funded projects and adjust plans as needed to respond to changing community needs.

Collaborate with Local Authorities

  • Work closely with the local planning authority to understand upcoming developments and potential CIL revenue.

Maintain Detailed Records

  • Keep accurate records of all CIL income and expenditure. Ensure that all spending is well-documented and aligns with CIL regulations.

Download our CIL Brochure


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